Men and women 여우 알바 each tend to be segregated in different jobs, largely explaining the U.S. gender wage gap. Women are far more heavily represented in optical technicians jobs than in 2000, and this occupation has among the worst gender pay gaps among all occupations in the U.S. This gap reflects the fact that women are still more likely to be employed in low-paying jobs, despite being significantly more educated than men. While the share of women working as production, planning, and dispatchers has increased nearly the nations leading 6.7 percentage points since 2000, it is among a small handful of professions that have experienced a growing gender wage gap.
While this is a well-paying job for women, the gender pay gap is the largest among all professions on the list from GOBankingRates. While womens average pay for those jobs is more than $10,000 higher than U.S. workers average income, the gender pay gap is bigger for insurance underwriters than for several of the other professions on this list. While the median pay for women in these jobs is higher than the median earnings for full-time workers in the United States, it is still almost $19,000 lower than the median salary of men who are realtors and sales agents. This job generally requires an associates degree, and the median salary for women is over $7,500 higher than the median earnings for full-time workers nationwide.
While the pay for women tends to be better for this occupation, they still make only 78% of what men earn in this occupation. Professional or managerial jobs provide opportunities for higher earnings for women, though typically they are still higher for men; women working in managerial or professional jobs typically make significantly less than men do (Table 2.5). There are jobs in the US labor force where women make up very small shares compared with men, regardless of pay. That there is a gap between what women and men make doing the same work in the United States is indisputable.
While discussions about gender wage gaps often focus on what women make in comparison with men, there are differences in womens earnings across careers. This pay gap has been relatively consistent for the last decade, but when different racial and ethnic demographics are compared, the differences are even greater for women than for men. While earnings are up significantly over years past–women working full-time make 62% of what men earned in 1979–the gender pay gap is still there. Women earned roughly 90% of what a typical man earned as a social service manager, which is significantly better than the 80 percent gender pay gap across all jobs nationally.
Women, on average, make 84 percent of what men make doing the same job. Women are now earning 82 cents on the dollar that men make, according to the BLSs own data – up 20 cents since 1979, the first year the data were available. Middle-class incomes have grown only slightly over recent decades, and much of any increase in their earnings is a result of more women going to work and earning higher wages. Without new policies and practices involving greater division of unpaid labor in the home, greater support for working families who are stretched to the breaking point, and higher wages for men and women alike, whatever gains we see in middle-class incomes could vanish altogether.
More opportunities for higher-paying jobs for women would promote greater equality in unmarket jobs, because women bringing home larger wages have greater bargaining power in the home and are starting to demand fair shares of the labor of the household. As we continue to progress as a society, there are plenty of job options for women in which the wage gap is closing further, with women earning almost the same amount as their male counterparts, if not more. As a result, many well-paying jobs are opening up to women across the U.S., and many offer great opportunities for advancement and a high degree of job satisfaction. These data suggest that women need more education qualifications than men do to get good-paying jobs.
In Canada, women in male-dominated fields participating in an apprenticeship program earned 14% less in average hourly wages than men, and were less likely to obtain jobs related to their fields following completion of the program compared with men. Science is one of the highest paid; an analysis by the IWPR of American Community Survey microdata from 2013 shows median annual earnings for women who hold a bachelors degree in STEM occupations were $64,000 in 2013, and $78,000 for men.9 Yet women are less likely than men to enter STEM fields; just 4.6% of women are employed in STEM occupations, compared to 10.3% of men (Table B2.9). Women are also much more likely than men to work in service occupations (Table 2.5), which include personal care aides, home health aides, nursing assistants, cooks, and food service workers–occupations that are expected to see high growth in the coming years but that have median annual earnings for women of less than $25,000 per year (Table 2.5). Manufacturing provides middle-income jobs to women, with a median annual earnings of $37,000, but median earnings for men working in those jobs are significantly higher, at $50,000 (leading to a gender pay gap of 74.0%).
Unfortunately, median salaries of male teachers are also almost $5,000 higher than median wages of female teachers, despite women vastly outnumbering men in this field. Womens median weekly earnings are higher than those of CEOs, yet the wage gap is wide within the profession. While it is a well-paying profession for women, there is expected to be a significant drop in jobs in the field in coming years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Either the number of men working in these jobs is falling much faster than the number of women, or historically, the number of men working in the occupation has been relatively low.